Unrest & Anger

1763-1774 No Taxation Without Representation

The French and Indian War was a clash between the colonies of New France and the English colonies with the involvement of Indigenous Nations on both sides, over territory in the Ohio River Valley. The costly war ended in British victory in 1763. The British Parliament decided that the colonists needed to pay for their defense and passed a number of acts throughout the 1760s and 1770s that chaffed at colonists, especially those in the Colonies in New England and New York. It made life particularly difficult for those influential individuals in Boston involved in smuggling. These acts, combined with the political aspirations of various local leaders, led to social and political movements to move away from the Crown and demand more freedom and autonomy… or outright independence.

British Cartoon Prints Collection (Library of Congress).; Exhibited in: "John Bull and Uncle Sam", Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 2000.; Exhibited in: "Creating the U.S." Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 2008.; Text below image begins: "The hero of this print is the gentle Mr. Stamper, who is carrying to the family vault his favourite child, in a coffin, Miss Ame-Stamp, about 12 months old..."; Title from item. Dated 1766